obesity causes and treatment

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obesity causes and treatment

Obesity causes and treatment

obesity causes and treatment


Obesity is one of the health problems that have serious consequences, especially as it has transformed from mere individual cases to a phenomenon that entire societies suffer from, which has increased the number of health and psychological problems associated with this dangerous phenomenon. 

Obesity is not just an increase in body weight or a transient accumulation of fat layers, but rather a group of harmful symptoms that cause the body to suffer from chronic diseases

in addition to the psychological impact that obesity causes to its owner, especially if - excessive movement, prevents him from moving and exercising his normal activity in a way Natural, and prevent him from wearing the clothes he loves.

Obesity is common. According to the CDC, throughout the period from 2017 to 2018, 42.4 percent of Americans aged 20 and older were obese.

What is Obesity?

Obesity is a serious medical condition that occurs when a person carries excess body weight or body fat that can adversely affect their health. When a person's body mass index (BMI) reaches 30 or higher, they are deemed obese. BMI is a measurement that uses height and weight to estimate body fat.

Obesity is common. According to the CDC, throughout the period from 2017 to 2018, 42.4 percent of Americans aged 20 and older were obese.

But BMI isn’t everything. Its limitations as a measure are numerous.
The association between BMI and body fat can be influenced by variables including age, sex, ethnicity, and muscle mass, according to the CDCTrusted Source. 

Additionally, the BMI makes no distinction between extra fat, muscle mass, or bone density and offers no insight into how fat is distributed among people.

Despite these drawbacks, BMI is still often employed as a tool for determining body size.

The body mass index is calculated by dividing the weight in kilograms by the square of the person's height in meters.
How is obesity classified?

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The following classes Trusted Source are used for adults who are at least 20 years old:

  • When the BMI is less than 18.5, it means that the body is thin.
  • When the BMI ranges between 18.5 - 24.9, it means that the body is normal.
  • When the BMI ranges between 25.0 - 29.9, it means that you are overweight.
  • When the BMI ranges between 30.0 - 34.9, this means that you have Class 1 obesity.
  • When the BMI ranges between 35.0 - 39.9, this means that you are obese in the second category.
  • When the BMI is more than 40.0, this means that you are obese or Class 3 obese.

Obesity causes:

Obesity mainly occurs when a person regularly eats more calories than he uses or burns, and many factors can help to develop obesity, such as: lack of physical activity, lack of sleep, and heredity

To fast foods easily and the lack of healthy foods easily in the markets and stores leads to obesity, and the cause of obesity can be due to some health reasons, and among these reasons are the following:

Hypothyroidism: Hypothyroidism slows down the metabolism, causing fatigue, weakness, and weight gain.

Polycystic ovary syndrome, which affects up to 10% of women of childbearing age, and can lead to obesity, increased body hair, and fertility problems in women.

Cushing's syndrome: Cushing's syndrome is caused by an overproduction of the hormone cortisol, which is secreted by the adrenal glands, and this syndrome is characterized by weight gain in the upper body, face, and neck.

Brad-Willi syndrome, a rare genetic condition that causes feelings of lack of fullness and excessive food intake.

Factors that increase the risk of obesity

Certain factors can increase the risk of obesity, including the following:

Genetic factors: Genes may affect how much fat the body stores, and where fat is distributed in the body. Genes may also play a role in how well the body converts food into energy, and how the body burns calories during exercise.

Family lifestyle: Obesity tends to spread among members of the same family, and the reason is not due to genetics only, but members of the same family tend to share the same eating and activity habits.

Unhealthy diet: An unhealthy diet, as well as a high-calorie diet that lacks fruits and vegetables, and which is based on fast food, high-calorie drinks, and large meals contribute to obesity.

Medications: Certain medications can cause weight gain, and these medications include antidepressants, anti-seizure medications, diabetes medications, anti-psychotics, steroids, and beta-blockers.

Age: Anyone can become obese at any age, even young children can become obese, but with age, hormonal changes and lack of activity increase, which increases the risk of obesity.

Pregnancy: An increase in the weight of a pregnant woman is a prerequisite during pregnancy, but some women may find it difficult to get rid of excess weight after childbirth, which constitutes for many women the beginning of obesity.

Lack of sleep: Not sleeping enough or sleeping too much can cause hormonal changes that increase appetite, and increase the need for high-calorie foods and carbohydrates, which may contribute to weight gain.

Obesity side effects:

Obesity can lead to many health problems, and some of these problems are very serious, and the possible risks to them when suffering from obesity are the following:

  • High levels of triglycerides and cholesterol.
  • Having type 2 diabetes.
  • Metabolic syndrome, a combination of high blood sugar, stress, and high triglycerides.
  • Having high blood pressure.
  • Heart disease.
  • brain attack.
  • Cancers of the uterus, the cervical cavity, the endometrium, the ovary, the breast, the colon, the rectal cavity, the esophagus, the liver, the gallbladder, the pancreas, the kidneys, and the prostate.
  • Respiratory disorders, such as sleep apnea.

Obesity treatment

It should be noted that there is no quick cure for obesity, and losing weight gradually is better than losing it quickly; Where rapid weight loss leads to muscle, bone and water loss instead of fat loss, here are some ways to help shed obesity:

Make a plan that is appropriate for each person's condition

To achieve weight loss, calories must be consumed less than the amount burned by the body, noting that the amount of calories burned by the body depends on the metabolic rates in the body, and on the other hand; Eating too few calories may slow down the metabolism in the body, and reduce the consumption of some nutrients, and therefore To calculate the right number of calories for each person to lose weight without impacting, it is crucial to understand how many calories the body burns each day. His body's metabolism was remarkably high.

It is advised to adhere to the following advice in order to lose weight healthily:

Reducing carbohydrates: Cutting back on carbohydrates can help you lose weight by lowering your calorie intake and curbing your hunger.

Stay away from sugary drinks: It is advised to stay away from sugary drinks, including soft drinks, fruit juices, chocolate milk and other drinks that contain added sugar.

Increase protein: Protein is one of the most important nutrients that may help - when consumed within a calorie-restricted diet - to lose weight, as protein contributes to enhancing metabolic This aids in weight loss and weight maintenance by lowering hormone levels in the body and drastically decreasing hunger.

Consult a Dietitian: When trying to change the diet, it is recommended to speak to a dietitian to develop an appropriate diet


Increase physical activity

It's crucial to combine dietary adjustments with moderate-intensity exercise for at least 30 minutes each day to lose weight. You can go for a brisk walk, swim, or play tennis.

Other tips for loss weight

Get support from professionals: If a person has had previous difficulties with losing weight, they can talk to a counselor or psychologist to help them make long-term changes, some techniques can help; Like cognitive behavioral therapy, to facilitate the weight loss process by teaching a person to recognize when and why they eat or change negative thoughts.

Getting enough sleep is important for anyone trying to lose weight since their bodies may not get the necessary rest if they don't get the recommended number of hours each night.

Continuity and persistence: Trying to lose weight as quickly as possible through starvation is not a good thing in the long run, and in general one should set realistic goals to effectively shed pounds and keep it off permanently

In conclusion, obesity is one of the diseases that have spread widely in different societies, and significantly affect the general health status of humans. Obesity not only affects the body from an aesthetic point of view, but increases the risk of many diseases and health problems, such as: heart disease, diabetes, and high blood pressure. 

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